Victorian Music Halls
The rise and spread of music halls in ninteenthy-century London helped to establish a revolutionary style of popular music. Part of the reason for the rapid growth of music halls was that the British Copyright Act of 1842 protected the reproduction and performance of music and gave an enormous stimulus to the music market, affecting writers, performers, and publishers. The tavern concert room became increasingly bigger and more independent until purpose-built halls arose. By the 1870s, a star system was in place, and among the celebrated performers of the latter part of the century were Marie Lloyd, George Leybourne, the Great MacDermott, Albert Chevalier, and Gus Elen.
Image: Cover for ‘Mischief’, staring Miss Marie Lloyd (1891)